Women’s Health and Physio

Women’s Health and Physio

In recent years, there has been a growing recognition of the importance of physiotherapy in addressing various aspects of women's health. From pregnancy-related discomforts to pelvic floor issues, physiotherapy plays a crucial role in promoting overall well-being and quality of life for women of all ages.

From empowering pregnant individuals through prenatal exercises to providing specialised care for conditions like urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and breast health, our approach at PhysioActive is aimed at addressing the common health challenges faced by women throughout their lifespans. 

physiotherapy women singapore
Physiotherapy is essential in improving a woman’s quality of life.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence refers to the involuntary leakage of urine, which can occur due to various factors affecting the bladder and surrounding muscles and nerves. Pelvic floor weakness is a common cause of urinary incontinence, where the muscles supporting the bladder and urethra become weakened, compromising their ability to control urine flow effectively. 

Additionally, conditions such as pelvic organ prolapse, where pelvic organs descend or protrude into the vaginal canal due to weakened support structures, can exacerbate urinary incontinence symptoms. 

Physiotherapy for urinary incontinence is a noninvasive, effective treatment that combines pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation therapy, and bowel movement retraining to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.

urinary incontinence singapore
Urinary incontinence is the involuntary leakage of urine, often caused by weakened bladder control or pelvic floor muscles. 

Pelvic Organ Prolapse 

Pelvic organ prolapse or POP is a condition characterised by the descent or protrusion of pelvic organs such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum into or outside of the vaginal canal due to weakened pelvic floor muscles and ligaments. This weakening of the supportive structures can occur due to childbirth, ageing, hormonal changes, obesity, chronic coughing, or heavy lifting. 

Similar to treatment for urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse can be treated using pelvic floor exercises, electrical stimulation therapy, and bowel movement retraining.

pelvic organ prolapse
Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum, descend into or outside the vaginal canal. 

Dyspareunia and Vaginismus

Dyspareunia and vaginismus are two distinct yet interconnected conditions that can significantly impact a person's sexual health and well-being. Dyspareunia refers to persistent or recurrent genital pain experienced before, during, or after sexual intercourse. Vaginismus is characterised by involuntary muscle spasms in the pelvic floor muscles, specifically, the muscles surrounding the vagina, which can make penetration painful or impossible. 

Treatment of both dyspareunia and vaginismus involves a multidisciplinary approach, including medical interventions, pelvic floor physiotherapy, and addressing the root cause of the condition to alleviate symptoms and improve sexual function and satisfaction.

Vaginismus is characterised by involuntary muscle spasms in the pelvic floor muscles.

Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP)

Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) is a common condition experienced by pregnant and postpartum women, characterised by discomfort and pain in the pelvic region, lower back, hips, and thighs. The pain may intensify with activities such as walking, standing, or climbing stairs, significantly impacting mobility and quality of life. 

Postpartum PGP can persist due to ongoing pelvic joint instability or unresolved muscle imbalances. Physical therapy, pelvic support belts, and gentle exercises are typically recommended to alleviate symptoms and strengthen the pelvic girdle muscles.

pelvic girdle pain (PGP)
Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) involves discomfort or pain in the pelvic region.


DRAM (Diastasis Rectus Abdominis Muscle)

Diastasis Rectus Abdominis Muscle (DRAM) is the separation of the rectus abdominis muscles that occurs after pregnancy. This is typically due to the stretching and weakening of the connective tissue between these muscles to accommodate the growing uterus. This condition is common among postpartum individuals, presenting as a visible gap or indentation along the midline of the abdomen, particularly noticeable during movements like sitting up or engaging the core muscles. 

diatasis recti singapore
Diatasis recti is the separation of the rectus abdominis muscle.

Post-natal DRAM can contribute to various issues such as lower back pain, pelvic floor dysfunction, and a protruding abdomen and impact both physical function and body image. Management of post-natal DRAM often involves targeted exercises focusing on strengthening the deep abdominal and pelvic floor muscles and improving overall core stability. Physical therapy, corrective breathing techniques, and gradual progression of exercises are typically recommended to address DRAM postpartum, which helps ensure optimal recovery and restore abdominal function.

Diastasis Rectus singapore post-pregnancy
DRAM is the separation of the rectus abdominis muscles, often occurring during pregnancy or due to factors like obesity or repetitive straining. 

Mastitis and Blocked Milk Ducts

Mastitis and blocked milk ducts are common complications experienced by breastfeeding women. Mastitis is the inflammation of breast tissue, often caused by bacterial infection entering through a cracked nipple or milk duct. Blocked milk ducts occur when milk flow is obstructed, which can lead to a build-up of milk within the duct. 

Both mastitis and blocked milk ducts can be painful and uncomfortable. Still, they are usually treatable with measures such as frequent breastfeeding or pumping to empty the breast, applying warm compresses, massaging the affected area, ensuring proper breastfeeding technique, and, in some cases, antibiotics for mastitis. 

Mastitis is the painful inflammation of breast tissue, often associated with breastfeeding and caused by bacterial infection. 

Physiotherapy, including ultrasound therapy and massage, can be beneficial in managing mastitis. These techniques can play a valuable role in the management of mastitis by promoting healing, reducing inflammation, and relieving discomfort. 

Through a comprehensive approach combining education, manual therapy, exercise, and lifestyle modifications, we aim to optimise physical function, alleviate discomfort, and enhance women's overall quality of life across diverse backgrounds and life stages. 

If you are suffering from any of these conditions discussed in this article, please schedule an appointment with PhysioActive for an appropriate diagnosis and proper treatment plan. 

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